How much carbon is cotton?
Emission factors for cotton

Carbonfact analysis

MaterialEmission factor (kgCO2e)Source
cotton/recycled4.3

Kering database, Raw Material Intensities 2020: https://kering-group.opendatasoft.com/explore/dataset/raw-material-intensities-2020/table/

cotton/recycled4.3

Kering database, Raw Material Intensities 2020: https://kering-group.opendatasoft.com/explore/dataset/raw-material-intensities-2020/table/

cotton/recycled4.3

Using value for 'Cotton - Recycled' for Portugal

cotton/organic4.4

Kering database, Raw Material Intensities 2020: https://kering-group.opendatasoft.com/explore/dataset/raw-material-intensities-2020/table/

cotton/organic4.6

Kering Group database for 'Cotton - Organic':

  • Crop farming: 1.447 (source)
  • Ginning: 0.491 (source)
  • Spinning, weaving and dyeing: 2.652 (source)
cotton/organic4.6

Kering Group database for 'Cotton - Organic':

  • Crop farming (no value for Portugal, using value for Spain): 1.447 (source)
  • Ginning (no value for Portugal, using value for Spain): 0.491 (source)
  • Spinning, weaving and dyeing: 2.668 (source)
cotton/organic5.8

Using value 'Cotton - Organic' from Kering Group database for Switzerland: 1.413 (Crop Farming - using average value from values for Greece, Spain and Turkey: (1.708 + 1.447 + 1.413) / 3 = 1.5227) + 0.5386 (Ginning - using average value from values for conventional cotton for Portugal, Turkey, Italy, Spain, Greece: (0.383 + 0.667 + 0.765 + 0.380 + 0.498) / 5 = 0.5386) + 3.848 (Spinning, Weaving & Dyeing) = 5.7996 .

cotton/organic6.7

Using value 'Cotton - Organic' from Kering Group database for Switzerland: 1.413 (Crop Farming - using average value from values for Greece, Spain and Turkey: average(1.708, 1.447, 1.413) = 1.5227) + 0.667 (Ginning) + 4.668 (Spinning, Weaving & Dyeing) = 6.748.

cotton/standard6.8

Using value for 'Cotton - Conventional' for France from Kering group database. 2.169 (Crop farming) + 0.765 (Ginning) + 3.882 (Spinning Weaving and Dyeing): 6.816.

cotton/standard6.9

Using value for 'Cotton - Conventional' for Spain from Kering group database. 2.279 (Crop farming) + 0.380 (Ginning) + 4.265 (Spinning Weaving and Dyeing): 6.924.

cotton/standard6.9

Using value for 'Cotton - Conventional' for Portugal from Kering group database. 2.282 (Crop farming) + 0.383 (Ginning) + 4.280 (Spinning Weaving and Dyeing): 6.945.

cotton/standard7.2

Using value for 'Cotton - Conventional' for Greece from Kering group database. 2.422 (Crop farming) + 0.498 (Ginning) + 4.280 (Spinning Weaving and Dyeing): 7.2.

cotton/standard7.3

Using value for 'Cotton - Conventional' for Italy from Kering group database. 2.169 (Crop farming) + 0.765 (Ginning) + 4.356 (Spinning Weaving and Dyeing): 7.29.

microsuede/cotton+polyester7.8

Using a weighted mean of emission factors:

  • 50% 'cotton/standard': 6.945 (source: our value for 'cotton/standard' from Portugal)
  • 50% 'polyester/standard': 8.558 (source: our value for 'polyester/standard' from Portugal)
cotton/recycled13.7

Using value for 'Plant fibers - cotton - recycled' for 'Cotton Recycling' and value for 'Plant fibers - cotton - conventional' for 'Spinning Weaving and Dyeing', from Kering group database. 0.484 (Cotton Recycling, China) + 13.246 (Spinning, Weaving and Dyeing, China) = 13.73

cotton/recycled13.7

Using value for 'Plant fibers - cotton - recycled' for 'Cotton Recycling' and value for 'Plant fibers - cotton - conventional' for 'Spinning Weaving and Dyeing', from Kering group database. 0.484 (Cotton Recycling, China) + 13.246 (Spinning, Weaving and Dyeing, China) = 13.73

leather/vegan/apple/appleskin/polyester-20-cotton-16-polyurethane-38-apple-waste-2613.9

Sami.eco LCA report for MoEA shoes. Based on 1.72 kgCO2eq estimation per pair of shoes and 0.263 kg approximate estimate for the upper's weight. 1.72/0.263 = 6.540 kgCO2eq/kg. The manufacturer of the material is not indicated (shoes produced in Portugal).

cotton/organic15.4

Using value 'Cotton - Organic' from Kering Group database for China: 1.257 (Crop Farming) + 0.855 (Ginning) + 13.246 (Spinning, Weaving & Dyeing) = 15.358

cotton/organic15.4

Using value 'Cotton - Organic' from Kering Group database for China: 1.257 (Crop Farming) + 0.855 (Ginning) + 13.246 (Spinning, Weaving & Dyeing) = 15.358

cotton/organic15.9

Using value for 'Cotton - Organic' from Kering group database, averaging several values for different countries. 1.92925 (Crop farming, average for 4 available african countries: Tanzania - 3.048, Zimbabwe - 0.811, Central African Republic - 3.048, Cameroun - 0.810) + 0.683 (Ginning, same value for all 4 african countries) + 13.246 (Spinning Weaving and Dyeing, using conservative China's value in the absence of any value for african countries): 15.85825

cotton/organic15.9

Using value for 'Cotton - Organic' from Kering group database, averaging several values for different countries. 1.92925 (Crop farming, average for 4 available african countries: Tanzania - 3.048, Zimbabwe - 0.811, Central African Republic - 3.048, Cameroun - 0.810) + 0.683 (Ginning, same value for all 4 african countries) + 13.246 (Spinning Weaving and Dyeing, using conservative China's value in the absence of any value for african countries): 15.85825

cotton/standard16.2

Using value for 'Cotton - Conventional' for China from Kering group database. 2.100 (Crop farming) + 0.871 (Ginning) + 13.246 (Spinning Weaving and Dyeing): 6.945.

cotton/standard16.2

Using value for 'Cotton - Conventional' for China from Kering group database. 2.100 (Crop farming) + 0.871 (Ginning) + 13.246 (Spinning Weaving and Dyeing): 16.217.

cotton/standard/canvas16.5

Using value for 'Cotton - Conventional' for India from Kering group database. 5.770 (Crop farming) + 1.031 (Ginning) + 9.722 (Spinning Weaving and Dyeing): 16.523.

cotton/standard16.9

Using value for 'Cotton - Conventional' for Peru from Kering group database. 3.147 (Crop farming) + 0.539 (Ginning) + 13.246 (Spinning Weaving and Dyeing for China): 16.932

cotton/standard19.5

Using value for 'Cotton - Conventional' for Vietnam from Kering group database. 5.583 (Crop farming) + 0.640 (Ginning) + 13.246 (Spinning Weaving and Dyeing for China): 19.469.